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AIDS in the world
AIDS in the world
In the USA, AIDS is the second leading cause of death in young people (car accidents and other accidents come first). In Sub-Saharan Africa, AIDS is the leading cause of death in all age groups.

The tragedy about AIDS is that, unlike other leading causes of death such as cancer and heart disease, it hits children, young adults and women hard. Most HIV infections and AIDS-related deaths occur in people under age 25. Further, 3 million children under the age of 15 are infected with HIV-1, and women represent half of the HIV cases in the world today.

Below is a reprint from the "Report on the global AIDS epidemic 2007", as reported on the UNAIDS's website (the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS)(1).

Estimated number of adults and children newly infected with HIV in 2007

infected with HIV
Number of people living with HIV in 2007  
Total: 33.2 million (30.6-36.1 million)
Adults 30.8 million (28.2-33.6 million)
Women 15.4 million (13.9-16.6 million)
Children under 15 years 2.5 million (2.2-2.6 million)
     
People newly infected with HIV in 2007  
     
Total 2.5 million (1.8-4.1 million)
Adults 2.1 million (1.4-3.6 million)
Children under 15 years 420,000 (350 000-540 000)
     
AIDS deaths in 2007    
     
Total 2.1 million (1.9-2.4 million)
Adults 1.7 million (1.6-2.1 million)
Children under 15 years 330,000 (310 000-380 000)

"WHO and UNAIDS have revised the estimates of the number of people living with HIV lowering them from 39.5 millions [34.1-47.1 millions] in 2006, to 33.2 millions [30.6-36.1 millions] in 2007. This significant improvement has been made possible primarily by new methodologies, better surveillance and changes in the fundamental epidemiological hypothesis used to calculate the new estimates.

Approximately 70% of the difference can be explained with the reduction of the diffusion of infection in India (which by itself accounts for about half of the revision) and in some areas in Sub-Saharan Africa, including Nigeria, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Kenya and Angola"(1).

(1): Report on the global AIDS epidemic 2007
 

 

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